Physics class 9th

Physics 9th class ch 5 Gravitation Short Questions

Class 9th physics Short Questions on newsongoogle.com by Bilal Articles

Explore your academic success with NEWS ON GOOGLE! Discover the Class 9th physics Short Questions curated by Bilal Articles. Prepare confidently for your exams with valuable insights and predictions. Visit newsongoogle.com for a strategic approach to academic excellence

Gravitation – Short Questions

  • Define gravitation.

Ans: In the universe, there exists a force between the bodies due to which everybody of the universe attracts every other body. This force is known as force of gravitation.

  • State law of gravitation.

Ans: Every object in the universe attracts every other object with a force which is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers.

  • What is the relation between Law of Gravitation and Newton’s Third law of motion?

Ans: It is to be noted that mass m1 attracts m2 towards it with a force F while mass m2 attracts m1 with a force of the same magnitude F but in opposite direction. If the force acting on m1 is considered as action then the force acting on m2 will be reaction. The action and reaction due to force of gravitation are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction. This is in consistence with Newton’s third law of motion which states, to every action there is always an equal but opposite reaction.

  • What is Gravitational Field Strength?  

Ans: In the gravitational field of the Earth, the gravitational force per unit mass is called gravitational field strength of the Earth. At any place its value is equal to the value of g at that point. Near the surface of the Earth, the gravitational field strength is 10 Nkg-1.

  • Define orbital velocity.

Ans: It is the velocity of the satellite with which it moves around the earth at specific height.

  • What do you know about Global Positioning System.

Ans: Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite navigation system. It helps us to find the exact position of an object anywhere on the land, on the sea or in the air. GPS consists of 24 Earth satellites. These satellites revolve around the Earth twice a day with a speed of 3.87 km s-1.

  • What will happen if Earth suddenly stops revolving around the Sun?

Ans: If Earth suddenly stops revolving around the Sun then due to attraction of sun and earth, it will fall down on the sun.

  • What do you know about geostationary satellites?

Ans: Geostationary satellites are the satellites whose velocity relative to earth is zero. These satellites remain stationary with respect to the earth at the height of 42,300 km from the surface of the earth. These are used for global TV transmissions and other telecommunication purposes.

  • What is effect of the followings on the gravitational acceleration?
  • Mass of freely falling body
  • Distance of freely falling body from the centre of earth

Ans: Effect of mass

There is no effect of mass of the body on gravitational acceleration because according to the relation g = GM/R2. This relation shows that gravitational acceleration is independent of the mass of freely falling body.

Effect of distance from the center of earth

Gravitational acceleration is inversely proportional to the square of distance of freely falling body from the centre of earth. If the distance of the body is increased from the centre of the earth gravitational acceleration will be less and vice versa.

  • Is there any difference between the value of ‘g’ at the equator and at the poles?

Ans: As the shape of the earth is not perfect sphere but elliptical. The distance at the equator to the center of earth is more, so gravitational acceleration ‘g’ at equator will be less. However, as the distance at the poles to the center of the earth is less, so gravitation acceleration ‘g’ will be more.

  • Moon revolves around the earth, from where it gets necessary centripetal force?

Ans: The gravitational force between the earth and the moon provides the necessary centripetal force to moon for revolving around the earth.

  • If we go on top of the mountain, will our weight increase or decrease?

Ans: If the distance from the centre of the Earth increases from the average radius of the Earth, the value of ‘g’ will decrease. This is the reason due to which the value of ‘g’ is less on the top of mountains. So our weight will be decreased.

  • Why do not we observe force of attraction between any two objects around us?

Ans: Since the gravitational force between different objects around us is very small, so we do not feel it. However, if the mass of one or both the objects is very large, then we can observe the effect of gravitational force easily.

  • What is the gravitational force acting on the body placed at the surface of Earth?

Ans: Since the mass of the Earth is very large, it attracts nearby objects with a significant force. The weight of an object on the Earth is a result of the gravitational attraction between the two.

Keep Visiting newsongoogle.com by Bilal Article

Related Posts:

Related Keywords:

  • physics 9th class past papers gujranwala board
  • 9th class physics past papers pdf
  • physics past papers 9th class punjab board
  • 9th class physics past paper 2023
  • 9th class physics past papers rawalpindi board
  • physics 9th class past papers gujranwala board 2023
  • physics past papers 9th class federal board
  • 9th class physics past papers sargodha board
  • class 9th physics notes
  • class 9th physics book
  • class 9th physics book pdf
  • class 9th physics notes kpk
  • class 9th physics past papers
  • class 9th physics book kpk
  • class 9th physics paper
  • class 9th physics summary
  • class 9th physics notes pdf

Related Articles

Back to top button
Enable Notifications OK No thanks