Lesson No. 8 China’s Way to Progress (Question Answers, & MCQs)
Solution of Exercise
Q1: Why has the world changed its attitude towardsChina?
Ans: For a long time China was ignored by the world. But with the passage of time China made a considerable progress in every field of life. The social, agricultural and economic progress made by China opened the eyes of the world.
Q2: Discuss Chinese agriculture system?
Ans: China is a powerfully agricultural and peasant country, for its modernization will have occurred without a flight from the fields, which is the price paid by the West. In China to the average size of farming concerns is, growing through the system of communes, with subdivisions into production brigades and teams, but the greater part of the peasant masses stay put and carry on their traditional, intensive labour Agricultural mechanization is being introduced with considerable caution so as to avoid upsetting the balance. But the essential point of the matter is that the agricultural labourer, though possibly deprived of farming machinery, must not and does not want to be urbanized, but is instead kept on the spot and incorporated in local small industries. He does not flee to the cities because the industrial road passes through a technically-oriented agriculture and a decentralized industry.
Q3: How does China rely on its own resources?
Ans: The Chinese follow the maxim of Mao” rely on your own forces”. Chinese rely on their own resources and use indigenous machines and equipments, local machines are economical and easily available. National machinery is readily available and it saves country’s foreign exchange. They can produce better and faster result.
Q4: Describe a day in the life of a Chinese student?
Ans: Day in the Life of a 16-year old. How do the students live and what do they think individually? Despite having to use an interpreter I was able to find out. Here is the result of my interview with Je Wen-Siu, a sixteen-year old girl who lives in the workers’ district of Peng Pu at Shanghai. She is a pupil in class 3 at the junior school. She will shortly be taking her diploma. “How do you spend your day?” “I get up at 6 o’clock in the morning, do a few chores in the house, have breakfast and go to school at 8. I finish at 11 o’clock. I go home and have lunch. At one thirty I’m back at school again until 3 o’clock. Then I go back home and work.” “How much time do you spend on homework at home?” “Well actually I do my homework at school. At home I go through the lessons for about an hour. From 4 o’clock on I relax, reading the papers and listening to the radio.” “What news are you most interested in?” “All political news which illustrate the national and international situation.” “What do you do when you meet with your girl friends?” “I often go out with girls and boys of my age. We do some sports and often play ping-pong.”
Q5: Write a note on the Chinese women?
Ans: Chinese woman. No beauty products, no mention of sex, either in films or literature. In the land of opium, drugs are nonexistent. Mao says that women hold up half the sky and women, for their part, are determined to keep their half raised at the same height as that held up by men. When the Chinese woman lists the social benefits she enjoys 8 hour working day, free hospitalization and medical care, nursery and infant schools, 56 paid days before child birth also without charge – she always concludes by affirming that in the West women have not yet succeeded in obtaining all this. “However, we Chinese are working so that the women of the world can be equally happy and enjoy the advantages we have.” This radical change in women’s conditions in China has given women a sense of confidence hitherto unknown to them, a dignity and anundoubted awareness of carrying out an important role.
Q6: What social security benefits are provided to the Chinese workers?
Ans: Chinese enjoy many social benefits. Medical treatment is free for the workers and their family members pay fifty percent only. They also enjoy free cinema, theatre, etc. A sick worker receives full pay for six months, after which he receives sixty percent of his salary. Female worker get fifty six paid leaved before childbirth.
Q7: “It is the people and not the things that are decisive.” Discuss?
Ans: “It is the people not the things that are decisive”. Generally there is an idea that large population is a burden for the country and its development. But in case of China, the case is opposite. If the people are committed to work for their country, the status of the country can rise to a level for which nations meant of.
Q8: “The heart of the matter is the need to root out Selfishness.” Discuss.
Ans: There are many evils which cause a country remains underdeveloped. But selfishness is the most destructive. No Matter the people are educated and developed, if they are not True to their country, their country will remain poor forever. Therefore it is true to say that “the heart of the matter is the Need to root out selfishness”.
Additional Questions Answers
Q1: What is the difference between Chinas and Russian background?
Ans: Compared to China in 1949 Russia in 1917 did not have the grim inheritance of a century of a shattering multi-colonial experience. Russia never suffered China’s fate of such a sharp and pervasive Western impact that it was forced – together with many other Asiatic civilizations into a kind of national – schizophrenia not-just in terms of a split economy, but above all in ternis of a split culture and a split personality.
Q2: How is the population cities kept under control?
Ans: The political control over the masses not only controis the migration of the people from the villages to the cities. All facilities are provided to the people where they are?
Multiple Choice Questions
- The Occidental countries launched a warm hug to china.The underlined word means
- China was forced into a kind of national schizophrenia. The underlined word can be replaced by
B. Personality disorder✅
D. None of these
- Chinese women lack femininity. The underlined word means
- Choose correct spelling.
- This pen is very good. The underlined part is a/an
- I want a cup of tea. The underlined part is a/an
- The sun gives us light. The underlined word is a/an
A. Direct object
B. Indirect object✅
- The cat was sitting under the table. The underlined word is a/an