2nd Year NotesComputer class 12th

2nd year Chapter 10 Input And Output

2nd year Chapter 10 Input And Output Question And Answer

Short And Simple Question and Answer

Q 1. What is an input statement?

Ans. An input statement refers to the data or instructions provided to a program through an input device, with the keyboard being a standard input device. In C language, the instructions used to receive input are known as input statements.

Q 2. What is an output statement?

Ans. An output statement is responsible for producing processed input data from a program and sending it to an output device. Typically, the standard output device is the monitor. In C language, built-in functions are used for output, and the instruction used for sending output is referred to as an output statement.

Q 3. What are standard input functions?

Ans. Standard input functions in C include important functions like scanf(), gets(), getch(), and getche() that are used for receiving input from users.

Q 4. What are standard output functions?

Ans. Standard output functions in C encompass key functions such as printf() and puts() that are used to display output.

Q 5. What is the printf() function?

Ans. The printf() function is used to display program output on the monitor. It can present text, constants, or variable values in a desired format. It’s considered a formatted output function, part of the C standard library and defined in the stdio.h header file.

Q 6. What is a format specifier?

Ans. A format specifier is a string used to specify how the value of a variable should be displayed on the monitor. Format specifiers start with a ‘%’ symbol and are used to define the format for displaying values, both for output and input.

Q 7. What is field width in a format specifier?

Ans. Field width, in a format specifier, determines the number of columns used to display a value on the monitor screen. It’s specified by a number in the format specifier and indicates the minimum number of columns to be used for printing a value. It’s optional in the format specifier.

Q 8. What is an escape sequence?

Ans. An escape sequence is a combination of characters used within the printf() function to control the printing of output. These sequences are not printed and start with a backslash (”). They allow you to include specific characters or control sequences within a string, such as ‘\n’ to represent a new line.

Q 9. What is the getch() function?

Ans. The getch() function is used to capture a single character as input from the keyboard. It transfers the typed character to a variable without the need to press the enter key, and the character entered does not appear on the screen.

Q 10. What is the getche() function?

Ans. The getche() function is used to obtain a single character as input from the keyboard. Like getch(), it transfers the character to a variable without requiring the user to press the enter key, and the character is not displayed on the screen.

Q 11. What is the function of the ‘\n’ escape sequence?

Ans. The ‘\n’ escape sequence represents a new line in a string. When encountered in a printf() statement, it moves the cursor to the beginning of the next line, effectively starting a new line in the output.

Q 12. What is the function of the ‘\t’ escape sequence?

Ans. The ‘\t’ escape sequence represents a horizontal tab. It is used to move the cursor one tab forward from the current position. For example:

The output of the above statement will be “Hello Pakistan,” with multiple spaces added to align text to the next tab stop.

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