2nd Year CH-2: Using the Scientific Method
Questions Answers Notes
Q1: How has the scientific method helped us in our fight against disease?
A1: It has helped us understand disease causes and prevention, leading to life-saving drugs.
Q2: Compare city sanitary conditions today with a hundred years ago.
A2: Today, cities are clean, well-paved, and properly managed, unlike a century ago.
Q3: Describe village sanitary conditions today and suggest improvements.
A3: Villages lack proper drainage and have outdoor toilets. Improvements involve raising awareness of better sanitation practices.
Q4: How has the scientific method impacted food production and preservation?
A4: It has increased food production and improved preservation through modern methods.
Q5: What were our ancestors afraid of?
A5: Ancestors feared superstitions like black cats, broken mirrors, and the number 13.
Q6: How did the scientific method help overcome these fears?
A6: It made us more rational by explaining the reasons behind events.
Q7: What role did astrology play in the past?
A7: Astrology was consulted for marriages and important decisions.
Q8: Name current superstitions and their effects.
A8: Beliefs in charms and superstitions affect the lives of those who believe in them.
Q9: What were survival chances two hundred years ago?
A9: Two hundred years ago, seven out of eight babies died before their first birthday.
Q10: Define “attitude.”
A10: Attitude refers to how we feel and think about an idea or event.
Q11: What are superstitions?
A11: Superstitions involve irrational fears, such as black cats, broken mirrors, and the number 13.
Q12: How did thrifty housewives preserve food in the past?
A12: They preserved food by canning, pickling, drying, salting, or freezing.
Q13: How has the scientific method improved our ways of life?
A13: It has solved health issues, enhanced food production, and changed our attitude positively.
Q14: What is the purpose of this lesson?
A14: The lesson shows how scientific methods have improved living conditions and changed attitudes.