2nd Year NotesEnglish class 12th

2nd Year CH-2: Using the Scientific Method

2nd Year CH-2: Using the Scientific Method

Questions Answers Notes

Q1: How has the scientific method helped us in our fight against disease?
It has helped us understand disease causes and prevention, leading to life-saving drugs.

Q2: Compare city sanitary conditions today with a hundred years ago.
Today, cities are clean, well-paved, and properly managed, unlike a century ago.

Q3: Describe village sanitary conditions today and suggest improvements.
Villages lack proper drainage and have outdoor toilets. Improvements involve raising awareness of better sanitation practices.

Q4: How has the scientific method impacted food production and preservation?
It has increased food production and improved preservation through modern methods.

Q5: What were our ancestors afraid of?
Ancestors feared superstitions like black cats, broken mirrors, and the number 13.

Q6: How did the scientific method help overcome these fears?
It made us more rational by explaining the reasons behind events.

Q7: What role did astrology play in the past?
Astrology was consulted for marriages and important decisions.

Q8: Name current superstitions and their effects.
Beliefs in charms and superstitions affect the lives of those who believe in them.

Q9: What were survival chances two hundred years ago?
Two hundred years ago, seven out of eight babies died before their first birthday.

Q10: Define “attitude.”
Attitude refers to how we feel and think about an idea or event.

Q11: What are superstitions?
Superstitions involve irrational fears, such as black cats, broken mirrors, and the number 13.

Q12: How did thrifty housewives preserve food in the past?
They preserved food by canning, pickling, drying, salting, or freezing.

Q13: How has the scientific method improved our ways of life?
It has solved health issues, enhanced food production, and changed our attitude positively.

Q14: What is the purpose of this lesson?
The lesson shows how scientific methods have improved living conditions and changed attitudes.

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